Arbitru de Karate: jurizarea competiilor de karate bazata pe principii de Karate Traditional

Competition Judging Based on Traditional Karate Principles
Hidetaka NISHIYAMA / ITKF - 2002

In documentul prezentat, Jurizarea Competitiilor de Karate bazata pe principii de Karate Traditional - "COMPETITION JUDGING BASED ON TRADITIONAL KARATE PRINCIPLES, de Hidetaka NISHIYAMA" publicat in 2002, am pastrat limba originala in care a fost publicat documentul pentru a transmite cat mai corect nuantele si intelesul acestuia. 


COMPETITION JUDGING BASED ON TRADITIONAL KARATE PRINCIPLES
Hidetaka NISHIYAMA / ITKF - 2002

 

SUMMARY:

  1. KEY POINTS FOR KUMITE JUDGING
  2. KEY POINTS KATA SCORING
    1. Fundamental Matters
    2. Elements of Scoring
      1. Basic Point
      2. Skill Points

 

I. KEY POINTS FOR KUMITE JUDGING

  1. Maintain sense of two competitors simultaneously-Keep eyes in TOYAMA no MATSUKE state of awareness-in order to see actions of both competitors -as if participating with athletes.
    The judge also maintains breathing state ready at any moment for KIAI, thus keeping synchronized with competitors.

  2. When competitors initiate their movements, react with them with your own body thus staying in tune with them.
    The judge follows the action with both eye and breathing and thus prepared for KIAI just as athletes are prepared to KIAI.

  3. Pay close attention to competitors' feet as they make strong pressure to floor without "bouncing”.
    At the moment at detecting a competitor's initiation of techniques (maximum pressure to floor), the judge exhales and makes sound (like all “HAII”) at same time thrusting arm to begin indication of score or no score depending on outcome of the competitors technique. At same time, the judge takes a mental photograph of the competition action by which to make his final decision relative to scoring.

  4. Review this image as a means of judging and scoring.

Note:

Proper reaction of floor pressure at final stage of technique is the only way to produce TODOME and true KIME power and thus, a scoring point.
If no correct floor pressure, then KIME and TODOME is impossible to achieve.

At this moment, while the arm is moving, decide if score or not, then continue with "yes" or "no" arm signal.

Remark: After initial arm motion, make the judging decision in a split second if possible. If not, a little late is okay because proper review and accurate judging is most important.

 

II. KEY POINTS KATA SCORING

  1. Fundamental Matters

    1. Correct or incorrect posture:
      Body axis maintained perpendicular (straight) to floor

    2. Correct or Incorrect Stance
      Capable of applying maximum pressure to floor
      Capable of resisting shock of contact

    3. Maintaining eye contact-correct or incorrect

    4. Correct or incorrect breathing
      Proper control of exhalation and inhalation to control technique

    5. Degree of KI power/energy charge

 

  1. Elements of Scoring

    1. Basic Point

      1. Body Dynamics
        Degree of increased energy to direction of technique

        1. Body parts move from center of joints without moving out of alignment

        2. Degree of correctness of timing of body movement moving up from floor through body parts to target

        3. Degree of increased energy
          remark: Energy is increased as a function of increasing acceleration

        4. Degree of quick increase of energy at final stage of technique
          remark: In case of hand techniques, energy is increased by a factor of four when linear movement is correctly changed to rotary action

      2. Power

        1. Degree of total pressure to floor at final stage of body movement

        2. Degree of total energy transmitted to target from pressure to floor through body movement

        3. Degree of total body muscle contraction toward target
          remark: In case of shocking power, total muscular an sudden contraction is necessary

      3. Form

        1. Degree of following proper course for application o technique-no unnecessary actions or deviations from line of movement

        2. Degree of proper final position at end of technique

        3. Degree of maintaining proper center line position during both defense and offense

        4. gree of maintaining proper line of eye contact to opponent

        5. Degree of accurate target positioning eg... JODAN and CHUDAN

        6. Degree of KIME / ZANSHIN for every movement

      4. Transition

        1. Body Shifting
          Degree of keeping body weight centered and maintaining control of feet by the body (Keeping balance without moving body center up and down)

        2. Continuation

          1. Degree of using contraction/reaction power to maintain smooth continuation of technique (maximum contraction/reaction then used to initiate next technique)

          2. Degree of maintaining momentum without interruption of flow of energy/power (smoothness of continuation of techniques). This smooth transmission of momentum is to be maintained from the beginning of the kata to its very ending

        3. Tempo
          Degree of correct matching of timing to application of Technique

    2. Skill Points

      1. Mastering

        1. Degree of accuracy of technique and body movement

        2. Degree of quality of techniques is the result of a long period of training

      2. Impression
        Degree of impression perceived of outward expression of inner body dynamics.
         


Finalul documentului: COMPETITION JUDGING BASED ON TRADITIONAL KARATE PRINCIPLES by: Hidetaka NISHIYAMA / ITKF - 2002. 

Gichin Funakoshi

Hidetaka Nishiyama

Vladimir Jorga

Ilija Jorga

Dan Stuparu

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